There is another complex relationship between people giving to charitable organisations, those living in dire poverty, the charities themselves which help vulnerable communities, and the Governments who give permission for charities to work in their countries.
firstly, the extent of poverty may be such that people have no means to migrate elsewhere, and so become trapped in ever poorer circumstances; secondly, those who do have the means will be more likely to migrate to improve their situation, rather than to wait for circumstances to get better. This latter may influence those countries who wish to move from a rural to an urban economy for greater prosperity. Migration as a solution to dire poverty is a problem which has to be faced across the world because of the effects of warming temperatures.
Individual extreme weather events bring home society’s vulnerabilities in coping with climate change. We cannot stop these events, but we need to be better prepared to deal with them. This is obvious to the NOAA as well as scientists around the world. The Paris Agreement and COP 23 attest to that.
Reducing the future risk of extreme weather means reducing greenhouse gas emissions - and working to minimise changes that are already under way.
Ironically the stable from which this report emerges (Global Change Research Act (GCRA) of 1990) seeks to develop and coordinate “a comprehensive and integrated United States research program which will assist the Nation and the world to understand, assess, predict, and respond to human-induced and natural processes of global change.”
Some in the White House, which approved the report, said "the climate is always changing" - which dismays many hoping for a change of heart from America. How can a report be accepted and denied at the same time?
As the conference continued, another 5 countries joined the alliance. The aim is to gain support from up to 50 countries by the time of the next summit, to be held in Katowice, Poland in 2018. The U.S. states of Washington and Oregon have also become members of the alliance.
The Paris Agreement entered into force on 4th November 2016, so the first anniversary is only weeks away. The latest good news is that Nicaragua has now made its commitment to Paris, and will officially become a member in November this year. Only recently, Nicaragua suffered badly in the devastation caused by tropical storm Nate.
Wake up, America, it would seem. Yet this is not quite fair, because the vast number of Americans on the ground are well aware of, and preparing to protect - their habitats for the future. And while the very term "Climate Change" is being air-brushed away from American history, there is an extremely strong commitment to the protection of the environment. Added to this, the research carried out by N.A.T.O. and others, into causes, effects and cures for natural disasters, is arguably an essential part of the battle against climate change. What do you think?
The Society makes many awards in recognition of significant contributions in the field of geology, and the Wollaston Medal is the highest of these awards. In 2006 this award was granted to James Lovelock, originator of the Gaia theory.
In essence, this theory states that "living organisms and their inorganic surroundings have evolved together as a single living system that greatly affects the chemistry and conditions of Earth’s surface".
Many scientists do not agree with the view that our planet is a large organism in space, finding that available evidence is too sparse to confirm the theory.
With the countries of the Paris Agreement carrying out their own projects to reduce carbon emissions, the complexity of solving the transfer from fossil fuel to renewable energy is continuing to occupy government and industry alike. Looking only at the automotive industry, one can be excused for thinking that here are a large number of stakeholders, interconnected companies with their own links to external suppliers and consumers - all of whom will be affected in some way by the inevitable decisions of governments to regulate, and even discontinue, road vehicles which are harmful to the environment.
Not from any altruistic point of view will these decisions be made - no, but it seems evident that partner countries take their responsibilities very seriously, and will meet their carbon targets by whatever means they have at their disposal. The automotive industry possibly stands alone as the example of a 'patient in dire straits'. To find out a little of what industry has in mind, check out this recent article. In a separate development the U.K. government makes an investment of £20 million to help the development of electric vehicles which are capable of their own input to the grid. Other countries are also taking steps to encourage electric plug in vehicles. Not before time.
This blog was started by the Monday Group - which was set up in April 2016. Each item contains a link back to its source, where more information can be found. Comments are welcome